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canada goose black friday sale Robyn Williams: This is The Science Show, and today another special for June, presented by Carl Smith this time. You last met him talking Canada Goose Parka about wired bodies, for which he won a Walkley. And then there was DNA as a robot. He is always venturing into what could be your possible future, however extraordinary it may look. Carl: canada goose black friday sale

cheap Canada Goose Carl Smith: Thank you Robyn. cheap Canada Goose

Today, two artificial replacements. Later, artificial teachers. But first, artificial floating nations. And we begin with a dystopian image from 1995.

Canada Goose online Voice over: The temperature has climbed, the vast fields of ice at its poles melted, and the oceans rose. Centuries later, few people remain on this planet once called Earth. Canada Goose online

cheap canada goose uk Carl Smith: Considered one of the greatest film flops of all time, Waterworld, starring a raggedy Kevin Costner, tells the story of our planet, without land. Rising sea levels have forced humanity onto the canada goose store sea, often floating in small towns. And because it’s a mid ’90s blockbuster, there are also oil hungry pirates, mutants, a fanciful love story, and a prophecy foretold. cheap canada goose uk

canada goose clearance Voice over: in this place they know only as Waterworld. canada goose clearance

canada goose factory sale Carl Smith: Two decades on from Waterworld, the once dystopian idea of floating cities is now being spun as utopia. canada goose factory sale

canada goose clearance sale Joe Quirk is president of the Seasteading Institute, a non profit organisation aiming Canada Goose online to construct the world’s first floating micro nation. canada goose clearance sale

Canada Goose sale Joe Quirk: Seasteading is basically homesteading the high sea. Almost half Canada Goose Jackets the Earth’s surface is unclaimed by any existing nation state, and long before we get to Mars we are going to see floating nations on the ocean, and the technology is realistic, and the confluence of many technologies could make this happen. But one of the things that is counterintuitive and exciting about seasteading is that it’s a solution to many of the global challenges that people care most about, most immediately sea level change threatening coastal and island nations around the world. Most of humanity is moving towards the coasts and a lot of these coasts are threatened by floods or sea level rise. French Polynesia is concerned they may lose a third of their islands by the end of this century. Right next door is Kiribati which is concerned it could completely disappear by the end of this century. We need https://www.pick-canadagoose.com solutions fast, seasteading is a way to immediately respond to these challenges. And once they are in international waters they will essentially be floating, new, man made nations. Canada Goose sale

canada goose Carl Smith: How is this any different to just a boat? canada goose

buy canada goose jacket cheap Joe Quirk: It’s going to be permanently floating on the ocean. Boats are designed to stay stable by moving through the water, and they have to come ashore every once in a while and you have to lift them out of the water and clean the barnacles off them. It’s a completely different kind of structure. A seastead would be a unique engineering entity and also a unique legal entity, because of these very Canada Goose sale clear definitions of canada goose clearance sale what a vessel is in law. And it’s designed to last at least a century in seawater. We are on an engineering frontier, a physical frontier and a legal frontier with regards to floating platforms that permanently float in the ocean. buy canada goose jacket cheap

buy canada goose jacket Carl Smith: So, are floating cities canada goose a lifeline that low lying island nations could use? Or would use? buy canada goose jacket

canada goose store While it might sound as far fetched as the plot of Waterworld, in 2017 the French Polynesian government signed canada goose black friday sale a Memorandum of Understanding with the Seasteading Institute to explore the possibility of building the world’s first floating town. canada goose store

Canada Goose Parka The proposed location is a calm, circular Tahitian atoll. The water is shallow and protected from damaging ocean waves. Canada Goose Parka

Canada Goose Online Joe Quirk co founded a company to assess the impact of buy canada goose jacket a floating community in the atoll, and to design a structure composed of multiple floating platforms. These platforms rise 2 to 3 storeys above sea level, with futuristic block dwellings covered in grass. Canada Goose Online

canada goose uk shop Joe Quirk: As you approach our seastead on a boat, it’s designed to look like any other island. It’s going to be green roofs, solar panels, and maybe little doors so it will look sort of like a little floating Hobbiton. So the first seastead will be for about 300 people, and it will be about 14 very small floating islands. It looks like it’s going to average out to about US$200,000 per person, which is a little steep. But we’ve designed these to integrate economic classes. There’s going to be small apartments, there’s going to be villas, there’s canada goose clearance going to be families for homes, there’s going to be places for scientific researchers and for students, hopefully local Polynesians. And these islands are designed to be environmentally restorative. canada goose uk shop

So if you build a foundation for a house on land, you basically destroy life on that spot. But if you float a foundation in an atoll on water, you create a home for sea life. There’s even a plan to position the platforms in such a way to create some shadows on the seafloor which will allow just enough photosynthesis but also lower the canada goose outlet temperatures just enough to spark the restoration of local corals. Much of coral bleaching is simply caused by a rise in temperature. We are committed to completely recycling. Any water we put back in the atoll will be better than any water we take out of it. We’re going to measure the water before and after we plan algae farms, we plan fish farms, we plan wave generation technologies.

Carl Smith: How far off do you think we are from seeing one of these floating out at sea?

canada goose coats Joe Quirk: Well, cheap Canada Goose we have every type of expert you would need to build a new society from the water up. So all we are waiting on is hopefully legislation approval from French Polynesia. If that happens, we could conceivably see our first modest seastead for 300 people by 2022. canada goose coats

Carl Smith: When I first came across Joe’s proposal, I had lots of questions, not least because part of the original vision for the Seasteading Institute’s floating communities was to create tech libertarian tax havens, Silicon Valley start ups on the sea.

But if buy canada goose jacket cheap some countries are seriously considering floating cities as a response to rising sea levels, is there any scientific merit to the idea? Could floating cities be environmentally responsible? And would anyone want to live on one? We’ll come to these questions shortly. And, strangely, we’ll also end up in North Korea by canada goose deals the end of this story.

uk canada goose But first: is it scientifically and technologically possible to build permanent, floating accommodation like Joe Quirk describes? The answer to that at least is yes. In fact, Australia was home to a pilot study: the world’s first floating hotel, on the Great Barrier Reef, just off the coast of Townsville. uk canada goose

uk canada goose outlet Peter Saenger: My name is Peter Saenger, I was the chair of the Centre for Coastal Management at Southern Cross University. I was a member of the Great Barrier Reef consultative committee at the time. It was in about 1983, ’84, that they first came up with a proposal to have a floating hotel, something that was permanently moored out there. It looked like a very large container vessel, except of course it had no motive power, so it was permanently anchored in canada goose coats the lagoon. It canada goose coats on sale then had smaller platforms which contained tennis courts and swimming pools and so on, and so it was really deemed to be a five star luxury accommodation permanently moored in the middle of John Brewer Reef. uk canada goose outlet

Canada Goose Outlet Carl Smith: Peter Saenger sent me a promotional catalogue Canada Goose Outlet for the reef resort. It’s quite beautiful, if you’re into an ’80s aesthetic. The seven storey high, 200 room, floating hotel looks like a blend between a beachside resort and a cruise ship, replete with a tennis court, glowing neon nightclub, bars, and then of course the reef all around. Canada Goose Outlet

canadian goose jacket Professor Saenger was sent to the hotel canadian goose jacket on John Brewer Reef to assess its environmental impact. Although he’s now retired, he remembers it vividly canadian goose jacket.

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